MTK Camera驱动 框架

前文已经介绍了camera驱动部分的内容MTK Camera驱动 结构介绍,这里在回顾下之前的框架图,

这篇主要介绍红框部分的内容:

MTK camera驱动框架

imgsensor起到承上启下的作用,在系统起来时会创建整个camera驱动运行的环境,其中主要的文件和函数如下框图所示,先设备挂载时会调用注册platform设备platform_driver_register,在匹配成功后会调用probe函数进行初始相关的设备:

MTK camera驱动框架

其中camera的三路电压的上电方式可以通过GPIO来控制,也可以通过PMIC(REGULATOR)的方式来进行控制,在imgsensor_hw中通过不同的pdev信息,调用不同的set函数。涉及的文件路径:

  • kernel-4.9/drivers/misc/mediatek/imgsensor/src/common/v1/imgsensor.c
  • kernel-4.9/drivers/misc/mediatek/imgsensor/src/common/v1/imgsensor_hw.c
  • kernel-4.9/drivers/misc/mediatek/imgsensor/src/mt6765/camera_hw/regulator/regulator.c
  • kernel-4.9/drivers/misc/mediatek/imgsensor/src/mt6765/camera_hw/gpio/gpio.c

上电相关的结构体之间的联系

MGSENSOR_HW结构体

IMGSENSOR_HW结构体包含了pdev(gpio/regulator)的设备结构体和上电时序相关的结构体:

MGSENSOR_HW结构体

上电时序控制相关

上电方式控制:GPIO?REGULATOR?

上电时序控制相关

上电时序控制结构体:

上电时序控制相关

系统初始化

设备加载

imgsensor和其他的驱动模块相同,也是通过module_init来初始化模块,在init中注册platform总线驱动,从而需要对应的platform_driver结构体信息:

static const struct of_device_id gimgsensor_of_device_id[] = {
    { .compatible = "mediatek,camera_hw", },
    {}
};

static struct platform_driver gimgsensor_platform_driver = {
    .probe      = imgsensor_probe,
    .remove     = imgsensor_remove,
    .suspend    = imgsensor_suspend,
    .resume     = imgsensor_resume,
    .driver     = {
        .name   = "image_sensor",
        .owner  = THIS_MODULE,
#ifdef CONFIG_OF
        .of_match_table = gimgsensor_of_device_id,
#endif
    }
};

当gimgsensor_of_device_id的信息在dts中match上以后回执行到对应的probe函数,probe中主要注册了sensordrv的字符设备和初始化imgsensor的硬件信息(时钟及上电):

static int imgsensor_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
    /* Register char driver */
    imgsensor_driver_register();

    gpimgsensor_hw_platform_device = pdev;

    imgsensor_clk_init(&pgimgsensor->clk);
    imgsensor_hw_init(&pgimgsensor->hw);
    imgsensor_i2c_create();
    imgsensor_proc_init();

    atomic_set(&pgimgsensor->imgsensor_open_cnt, 0);
    return 0;
}

imgsensor_driver_register创建字符设备

//字符设备的file_operation结构体
static const struct file_operations gimgsensor_file_operations = {
    .owner = THIS_MODULE,
    .open = imgsensor_open,
    .release = imgsensor_release,
    .unlocked_ioctl = imgsensor_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
    .compat_ioctl = imgsensor_compat_ioctl
#endif
};

static inline int imgsensor_driver_register(void){
    //分配一个设备号和nanme
    alloc_chrdev_region(&dev_no, 0, 1, IMGSENSOR_DEV_NAME)

    /* Allocate driver */
    gpimgsensor_cdev = cdev_alloc();

    /* Attatch file operation. */
    cdev_init(gpimgsensor_cdev, &gimgsensor_file_operations);

    /* Add to system */
    cdev_add(gpimgsensor_cdev, dev_no, 1);

    gpimgsensor_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "sensordrv");

    device_create(gpimgsensor_class, NULL, dev_no, NULL, IMGSENSOR_DEV_NAME);
}

imgsensor_clk_init 时钟初始化

enum IMGSENSOR_RETURN imgsensor_clk_init(struct IMGSENSOR_CLK *pclk)
{
    int i;
    struct platform_device *pplatform_dev = gpimgsensor_hw_platform_device;

    /* get all possible using clocks */
    for (i = 0; i < IMGSENSOR_CCF_MAX_NUM; i++)
        pclk->imgsensor_ccf[i] =
            devm_clk_get(&pplatform_dev->dev, gimgsensor_mclk_name[i]);

    return IMGSENSOR_RETURN_SUCCESS;
}

imgsensor_hw_init电压初始化

(1)依次调用GPIO/REGULATOR/MCLK的init接口;

(2)解析出imgsensor_custom_config,获取到对应sensor的对应管脚(DVDD/AVDD…)的上电方式(GPIO/REGULATOR);

imgsensor_hw_init电压初始化

enum IMGSENSOR_RETURN imgsensor_hw_init(struct IMGSENSOR_HW *phw)
{
    struct IMGSENSOR_HW_SENSOR_POWER      *psensor_pwr;
    struct IMGSENSOR_HW_CFG               *pcust_pwr_cfg;
    struct IMGSENSOR_HW_CUSTOM_POWER_INFO *ppwr_info;
    int i, j;
    char str_prop_name[LENGTH_FOR_SNPRINTF];
    struct device_node *of_node
        = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL, "mediatek,camera_hw");
        //依次调用GPIO/REGULATOR/MCLK的init接口;
    for (i = 0; i < IMGSENSOR_HW_ID_MAX_NUM; i++) {
        if (hw_open[i] != NULL)
            (hw_open[i])(&phw->pdev[i]);

        if (phw->pdev[i]->init != NULL)
            (phw->pdev[i]->init)(phw->pdev[i]->pinstance);
    }
        //解析出imgsensor_custom_config
    for (i = 0; i < IMGSENSOR_SENSOR_IDX_MAX_NUM; i++) {
        psensor_pwr = &phw->sensor_pwr[i];

        pcust_pwr_cfg = imgsensor_custom_config;//上电时序
        while (pcust_pwr_cfg->sensor_idx != i)
            pcust_pwr_cfg++;

        //退出循环
        if (pcust_pwr_cfg->sensor_idx == IMGSENSOR_SENSOR_IDX_NONE)
            continue;

        //ppwr_info对应{IMGSENSOR_HW_ID_GPIO, IMGSENSOR_HW_PIN_AVDD}
        ppwr_info = pcust_pwr_cfg->pwr_info;

        while (ppwr_info->pin != IMGSENSOR_HW_PIN_NONE) {
            //查询imgsensor_custom_config中ID_PIN 是否在GPIO/REGULATOR/Mclk中?
            for (j = 0; j < IMGSENSOR_HW_ID_MAX_NUM; j++){
                if (ppwr_info->id == phw->pdev[j]->id)
                    break;
             }
            //将对应sensor的对应PIN(DVDD/AVDD...)设置为系统的ID_PIN(GPIO/REGULATOR/MCKL)
            psensor_pwr->id[ppwr_info->pin] = j;
            ppwr_info++;
        }
    }

    //判断dts中是否设定对应的index为对应的name,如:cam3_enable_sensor = "gc2375hmain3_mipi_raw";
    for (i = 0; i < IMGSENSOR_SENSOR_IDX_MAX_NUM; i++) {
        memset(str_prop_name, 0, sizeof(str_prop_name));
        snprintf(str_prop_name,
                    sizeof(str_prop_name),
                    "cam%d_%s",
                    i,
                    "enable_sensor");
        if (of_property_read_string(
            of_node,
            str_prop_name,
            &phw->enable_sensor_by_index[i]) < 0) {
            pr_info("Property cust-sensor not defined\n");
            phw->enable_sensor_by_index[i] = NULL;
        }
    }
    return IMGSENSOR_RETURN_SUCCESS;
}

imgsensor_i2c_create I2C设备初始化

enum IMGSENSOR_RETURN imgsensor_i2c_create(void)
{
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < IMGSENSOR_I2C_DEV_MAX_NUM; i++)
        i2c_add_driver(&gi2c_driver[i]);

    return IMGSENSOR_RETURN_SUCCESS;
}

具体类型的上电介绍(以pmic控制的regulator方式为例)

前面imgsensor_hw_init中有去调用imgsensor_hw_regulator_open和regulator_init:

(1)传入对应的设备的device结构体:

static struct IMGSENSOR_HW_DEVICE device = {
    .pinstance = (void *)&reg_instance,
    .init      = regulator_init,//开机初始化时调用
    .set       = regulator_set,//在上电设置电压时会调用
    .release   = regulator_release,
    .id        = IMGSENSOR_HW_ID_REGULATOR
};

enum IMGSENSOR_RETURN imgsensor_hw_regulator_open(
    struct IMGSENSOR_HW_DEVICE **pdevice)
{
    *pdevice = &device;
    return IMGSENSOR_RETURN_SUCCESS;
}

(2)调用对应的init进行初始化:

因为MTK 平台的PMIC上电是通过统一的REGULATOR进行统一管理的,每一种上电方式需要申请对应type的regulator控制的结构体,才可以来进行设置:

enum REGULATOR_TYPE {
    REGULATOR_TYPE_VCAMA,
    REGULATOR_TYPE_VCAMD,
    REGULATOR_TYPE_VCAMIO,
    REGULATOR_TYPE_MAX_NUM
};

static enum IMGSENSOR_RETURN regulator_init(void *pinstance)
{
    struct REGULATOR *preg = (struct REGULATOR *)pinstance;
    struct device            *pdevice;
    struct device_node       *pof_node;
    int j, i;
    char str_regulator_name[LENGTH_FOR_SNPRINTF];

    pdevice  = gimgsensor_device;

    for (j = IMGSENSOR_SENSOR_IDX_MIN_NUM;j < IMGSENSOR_SENSOR_IDX_MAX_NUM;j++) {
        for (i = 0; i < REGULATOR_TYPE_MAX_NUM; i++) {
            snprintf(str_regulator_name,
                sizeof(str_regulator_name),
                "cam%d_%s", j,
                regulator_control[i].pregulator_type);
            preg->pregulator[j][i] =
                regulator_get(pdevice, str_regulator_name);

            if (preg->pregulator[j][i] == NULL)
                pr_err("regulator[%d][%d]  %s fail!\n",
                    j, i, str_regulator_name);

            atomic_set(&preg->enable_cnt[j][i], 0);
        }
    }
    pdevice->of_node = pof_node;
    imgsensor_oc_init();
    return IMGSENSOR_RETURN_SUCCESS;
}

到这里imgsensor部分的内容还有对上(hal层)承接的ioctl相关的内容没有介绍,这部分的内容会在后续的整个系统调用流程中进行梳理。

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